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Carbon is an element that is the found in abundance in the earth's crust.
The name 'carbon' comes from the Latin word carbo which means coal or charcoal.Though carbon was present for centuries in the forms of soot and charcoal, it was only in 1772 that its real uses, which are still figured in carbon uses in everyday life, were discovered by an eminent French scientist Rene Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur.The major source of carbon is the deposits of coal that are buried deep inside the earth.There are three allotropes of carbon, namely graphite, diamond and amorphous carbon.Carbon is a highly stable element that can combine with almost any other element to form a number of useful compounds.Organic chemistry, a branch of chemistry has been dedicated to the study of the properties and uses of carbon, as a chemical element and in its compound forms.
Uses of Carbon in Everyday Life There are many limited uses of carbon in its elemental form.But once it combines with another element, it changes itself into a useful substance for numerous things.Some other uses of carbon depending on their form are: Graphite: Graphite is one of the softest substances and is an allotrope of carbon.There are many industrial uses of graphite, like in the form of coke, which is used in the production of steel, as a lubricant for machinery and engines and as writing material, in the form of lead for pencils.Diamond: Diamond, which is another allotrope of carbon, is the hardest known substance known to man. Since these crystalline rocks are rare in nature, diamonds are very precious.Apart from jewelry, diamonds are also used for making cutting instruments because of their hardness.